|Article: Anthracite Coal Market Heating Up Due To Global Demand & Supply Issues|
Anthracite Market Analysis to 2023 | Top 10 Companies, Trends, Growth Factors, Business Development and Industry Analysis
SEPTEMBER 28, 2018 BY MARKET RESEARCH FUTURE IN ANTHRACITE MARKET, MARKET · 0 COMMENT
Anthracite is the high-level ranking coal because it is rigid, carbon concentrated, has less moisture content, and burns efficiently than other coals. Due to its excess carbon storage and low volatiles, anthracite is more reactive and efficient with respect to energy released than the lower–ranked coals and consequently has a lower environmental impact due to the lower greenhouse gas emissions. Urbanization of the emerging economies is resulting in the largest migration of people in human history. The infrastructure required to support the resulting rapid growth is creating unprecedented demand for steel and the anthracite coal needed to produce it. Combined with declining coal reserves it is expected that there will be long-term global shortage of metallurgical coals. Approximately 500 million tons of new annual metallurgical coal production will be required by the end of the decade to service the growth in demand.
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Global Top 10 Key Players
Key players of the global Anthracite market are: Blaschak Coal Corporation (US), Lehigh Anthracite (US), Atlantic Coal Plc. (UK), Atrum Coal Ltd (Australia), Celtic Energy (US), Vietnam National Coal-Mineral Industries Group (US), Sadovaya Group (Europe), Vostok Coal (Russia), Siberian Anthracite (Russia), Robindale Energy Services, Inc. (U.S) and others.
Anthracite Market – Intended Audience
Traders and distributors of Anthracite
Production Process industries
Raw material suppliers
The global anthracite market is classified on the basis of mixed geographic segmentation which involves regions such as America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Middle East and Africa. Out of all, Asia Pacific Anthracite market is largest market owing to robust industry growth of application industry in China, Japan and India. At a time Vietnam and Ukraine were the biggest exporters of anthracite are quickly decreasing from the market with their combined exports. The rapid decrease in anthracite exports appears unable to be supplied from other major exporters in Russia and South Africa, resulting in a tight supply and demand dynamic, creating a strong price environment.
China is major dominating country owing to large scale production of end user industries such as metallurgy and power & energy. Russia led to the second position in terms of producing anthracite followed by Ukraine, Vietnam, Korea, South Africa, US, and others. While the major exporter of anthracite in decreasing order are Vietnam, Russia, China, North Korea, South Africa, US, Germany, UK, and others. On the other hand the major importers of anthracite in decreasing order are China, Japan, South Korea, France, Belgium, Bulgaria, Brazil, and others.
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Mining of high-quality anthracite occurs mainly in China, Russia, South Africa, Ukraine, the United States and Vietnam. There is sizeable production in some western European countries, but the quality is primarily suitable only for power generation. In terms of exporting, countries such as Russia and Ukraine have become the dominant suppliers to world markets over the past seven years due to their lower production costs. In Asia, Russia is constantly replacing China and Vietnam in various markets. In the western region, Ukraine is becoming the important anthracite supplier.
Russia has emerged in recent years as the key anthracite supplier to Europe and other markets around the world. Production in Ukraine has been affected by the conflict in the east of the country since 2014 but may recover from now on. Vietnam’s position as world supplier is continuous decaling due to its high cost producing charges. Other sources such as South Africa and the United States focus primarily on their domestic markets, with small exports.
The global Anthracite market is majorly segmented on the basis of application, end users and region. Based on application of Anthracite the market is segmented into fuel, steel making, sinter plants, indurating furnaces, furnace coal replacement, and others. Based on end user the market segmented steel , energy & power, bricks, silicon & glass, synthetic fuels, others and based on region market is segmented into North America, Europe, APAC, Latin America, Middle East & Africa.
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| Reply to Jimjones1972 - Msg #6218 - 09/26/2018 11:10|
Canaf Group Inc.(CAF.V) Q3 2018 Results. Financials + MD&A
Ending July 31st 2018. All information can be found at www.sedar.com
TSXV Symbol: CAF - OCTBB Symbol: CAFZF
Common Shares: 47,426,195
Insider Holdings: 12,304,085 or 26% - Majority Owned By CEO & Family
Financials (All In US Dollars)
Trade Receivables: $1,682,075
Sales Tax Receivable: $20,078
Prepaid Expenses: $25,496
Property & Equipment: $808,845
Total Assets: $4,474,719
Trade Payables: $1,684,853
Sales Tax Payable: -$859
Income Tax Payable: $72,029
Current Portion Of Bank Loan: $174,801 - Due Jan 2019
Total Liabilities: $1,930,824
Gross Profit: $933,187
G&A Expenses: ($444,535)
Interest Income: $53,645
Income Tax Expense: ($26,192)
Foreign Currency Gain: $119,153
Net Income For 2018: $635,257
Management Discussion & Highlights
OVERALL PERFORMANCE AND OUTLOOK
Revenues for the nine months were $12,137,604 (2017 - $8,443,667) a 43.7% increase, and the Corporation continues to
be profitable with gross profits of $933,187 (2017 - $889,225) a 4.9% increase and net income for nine month period
ended July 31, 2018 of $516,105 (2017 - $595,716) a 13% reduction. While revenues and gross margin have grown,
increased cost of sales produced smaller gross margin percentages, 2018 7.7% (2017 10.5 %). The reduction in the gross
margin is mainly due to major maintenance and re-commissioning costs during the period as well as various one off
The Corporation expects to continue to operate profitably into Q4, however Revenue is expected to reduce slightly as
demand for calcine reduces slightly due to a slowing in manganese and steel production downstream of the supply chain.
The Corporation cannot be sure of how long this slight reduction in demand will continue for, however remains
confident that Southern Coal will continue to operate profitably as it continues to work with a potential new customer
with the intention to secure a new long-term supply contract.
Whilst continuing to ensure that Southern Coal continues to generate free cash flow, the Corporation is also actively
exploring new opportunities in South Africa and its neighbours, as it accumulates cash and reduces its gearing; from
January 2019 Southern Coal will have completed the repayment of the 14 million Rand loan with ABSA which will
add approximately $26,000 per month to its cash-flow.
The Corporation’s B-BBEE transaction for the sale of 30% of Quantum’s shares in Southern Coal for 18 million Rand
was completed during the quarter. This marks a significant milestone in the strategic plan to bring Southern Coal’s BBBEE
rating in line with its existing and potential new customers’ requirements. The revised effective date for the
transaction is 01 August 2018.
BROAD-BASED BLACK ECONOMIC EMPOWERMENT TRANSACTION (B-BBEE)
As part of Southern Coal’s B-BBEE transformation program, Amandla Amakhulu (Pty) Ltd., (“AAM”), a 100% black,
privately owned, and ringfenced, company incorporated in South Africa, acquired 30% of the issued shares of Southern
Coal, from Canaf’s wholly owned subsidiary, Quantum, for the value of 18 million Rand. The revised effective date
for the transaction is 01 August 2018.
Quantum in return received cumulative, redeemable preference shares in AAM in the amount of the purchase price.
These preference shares shall provide preferential dividends, until redeemed by AAM. These dividends will be secured
by an irrevocable direction from AAM to Southern Coal to pay Quantum such dividends from any distribution to
CLAIM AGAINST KILEMBE MINES LIMITED
In August 2006, Canaf, then known as Uganda Gold Mining, announced the termination of any further investment into
its Kilembe Copper-Cobalt Project in Uganda. Since 2007, the Corporation has been engaged in an arbitration with
Kilembe Mines Limited, (“KML”), whereby the Corporation seeks general damages, special damages and costs of the
arbitration from KML for breach of contract.
The legal work, carried out by MMAKS Advocates, Kampala, against KML is at no cost to the Corporation, but any
award in won by MMAKS efforts will be distributed to both MMAKS and Canaf.
Despite the fact that the claim against KML Corporation remains active, the Corporation is unable to give an indication
of either the quantum or any likely date by which the arbitration will be concluded.
Revenue for the nine months was $12,137,604 (2017 - $8,443,667), 44% increase due to high demand for Southern
Coal's calcine product from both of its main customers, particularly in Q2. The Corporation is confident that
Sales will remain at profitable levels in to Q4, however expects to see a slight reduction in comparison
to Q3, as demand falls off slightly.
Expenses for the nine months were $444,535 (2017 - $237,288) an increase of $89,286, 25%, primarily due to
increased costs relating to the B-BBEE program and major maintenance costs on Southern Coal’s old calcining
facilities. Other one off expenses that were incurred during the period were legal costs relating to the Corporation’s
name change, as well as back dated rent for Southern Coal’s premises which were negotiated at approximately $20,000.
General administrative and finance expenses for the nine month period were $418,788 (July 31, 2017 - $312,829) an
unfavorable variance of $105,959, primarily due to increased involvement in South Africa’s B-BBEE program and
increased activity resulting in higher management fees and office expenses. The Corporation incurred extra
management and consultant fees due to the passing of its previous CFO, Zeny Manalo as well as transitional costs
associated with the resignation and appointment of its CFO during the year. The Corporation does not expect any further
extra ordinary management or consultant fees going forward.
The Corporation is not subject to currency fluctuations in its core activities however the Corporation is subject to
transactions in various currencies and the volatility in international currency markets does have an impact on some
costs and the translation into US$ the reporting currency of the Corporation. The current period comprehensive gain on
foreign exchange in the amount of $119,153 (2017 - $27,014) is primarily as a result of the translation into US$ the
reporting currency. As at July 31, 2018 the Corporation has net comprehensive gain of $635,257 (July 31, 2017 -
$622,730.) The Corporation does not hedge net asset translation movements.
LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES
At July 31, 2018, the Corporation had cash of $1,252,240 (October 31, 2017 - $453,609) and working capital of
$1,735,049 (October 31, 2017 - $1,098,726). Surplus cash and cash equivalents are deposited in interest accruing
Working capital components include cash in current or interest bearing accounts, trade and other receivables, sales tax
receivable, inventories and prepaid expenses and deposits, trade and other payables, sales tax payable, income tax
payable, and current portion of long-term debt.
Trade receivables and trade payables are expected to increase or decrease as sales volumes change.